The scientific name of the black gram is “Vigna Mungo”. As the overall demand for black gram has increased, farmers are encouraged to grow the cash crops. Mako or Makoh, Fig. Phaseolus mungo; Eng.-black gram; Verna. Probably the most well-known and high nutritional beans is Black Gram.This particular gram belongs to bean family, just like the mung beans species. The extra axillary position is formed due to the union of peduncle with the stem for some distance beyond the axil. Host range : Black gram, green gram, red gram, lobia, cotton, tobacco and cassava Damage symptoms The damage is caused by both nymphs and adults, which are found in large numbers. Characteristics of Mutation: Ø Mutations are generally recessive; Dominant mutations do occur in nature.. Ø Mutations are generally harmful to organism; small percentage of mutation is beneficial.. Ø Mutation occurs at random in the chromosome, may occur in any gene.. Ø Some genes show higher mutation rate than others. Urd this is cultivated as a pulse crop in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Bengal. Black gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) is an erect, fast-growing annual, herbaceous legume reaching 30-100 cm in height. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. The temperature in between 25 to 350 C is perfect for the black gram cultivation in India. It is mainly consumed as split seeds (husked and unhusked) and husked dal is ground into a fine paste and allowed to ferment Black gram is used for making various types of south Indian breakfast such as dosa, idli, and vada. 2. Black gram is used as a staple food in India and other parts of subcontinent for many years. Floral formula: Economic Importance of Family Papilionaceae: This family is of great economic value. A list of few very important plants is given below: 1. Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of same flower is known as autogamy or self pollination. It has a well-developed taproot and its stems are diffusely branched from the base. The leaves are trifoliate with ovate leaflets, 4-10 cm long and 2-7 cm wide. The egg period lasts for 2-4 days. Health benefits of Black gram. Occasionally it has a twining habit and it is generally pubescent. Black gram growing and cultivation practices:Being a short duration crop, it fits well in many intensive crop rotations. Type Of Soil Required For Black Gram Cultivation They suck plant sap and lower its vitality. Autogamy is the closest form of inbreeding. The black gram cultivation has been taken up by the farmers extensively across the tail-end delta. Black gram cultivation process requires the 60 to 75 cm annual rainfall but heavy rain damage the flower. black gram ppt black gram cultivation in andhra pradesh organic black gram cultivation The Black gram is also famous as a “Urad Dal” and it is mainly used in food for making dal. For yield improvement through increasing the physiological, biochemical attributes, foliar spray of urea 1% on 30 and 45 days after sowing is recommended. Solanum nigrum (Black Nightshade, vern. Type 1. Egg: Spherical, yellowish eggs are laid singly on tender parts and buds of plants. Black gram farming is done successfully at 1800 meters high from the sea level. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Inflorescence: Extra axillary, 5-8 flowered scorpioid cyme called rhipidium. It is a polyphagous pest, infesting gram, lablab, safflower, chillies, groundnut, tobacco, cotton etc. Flower: Foliar spray of 1% urea for yield improvement in black gram. 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